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em novembro 07, 2020

1 samuel 24 commentary

The *prophets also wrote accounts of events. he also showed great trust in God, because he made himself completely vulnerable to Saul. 2. (16-19) Saul honors David’s mercy towards him. Sidlow Baxter - In the Hebrew manuscripts, 1 and 2 Samuel form but one book, as also do 1 and 2 Kings and 1 and 2 Chronicles. Click to enable/disable _gid - Google Analytics Cookie. i. If you refuse cookies we will remove all set cookies in our domain. You can also change some of your preferences. Why? 24 And it came to pass, when Saul was returned from following the Philistines, that it was told him, saying, Behold, David is in the wilderness of Engedi. 2. Saul must attend to his personal needs at the very moment he passes by the very cave where David hides. These cookies collect information that is used either in aggregate form to help us understand how our website is being used or how effective our marketing campaigns are, or to help us customize our website and application for you in order to enhance your experience. i. Because no wickedness proceeded from me when I had the opportunity, it shows my heart is not wicked towards you.”, Therefore let the LORD be judge… and see and plead my case, and deliver me out of your hand. i. David’s obedience to God and his love to Saul made all the difference in softening Saul’s heart. Often to them it means: “You should never speak against a pastor or a leader. 1. ii. ). The expostulation of David, followed by the visible tokens he furnished of his cherishing no evil design against either the person or the government of the king, even when he had the monarch in his power, smote the heart of Saul in a moment and disarmed him of his fell purpose of revenge. And Saul got up from the cave and went on his way. “Saul, if I was really as wicked as your advisors say I am, if I really was out to kill you, I would have done that wicked act in the cave. 3. he came to the sheepcotes--most probably in the upper ridge of Wady Chareitun. EasyEnglish is a system of simple English designed by Wycliffe Associates (UK). Yet you hunt my life to take it. David Spares Saul’s Life. David knew very well that Saul’s fear of David came from Saul himself and not from anyone else. But my hand shall not be against you. During this time Saul and his men fell asleep hard and David’s men caught him and they desired David to kill him. Sometimes when we have a promise from God we think we are justified in sinning to pursue that promise. Whom do you pursue? Yes, see the corner of your robe in my hand! . 1 Samuel 24 Commentary, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this commentary of the Old and New Testament was penned by John Calvin, Martin Luther and Huldrych Zwingli. “We wait on the Lord by prayer and supplication, looking for the indication of his will; we wait for the Lord by patience and submission, looking for the interposition of his hand.” (Meyer) David was determined that when he sat on the throne of Israel it wouldn’t be because he got Saul out of the way but because God got Saul out of the way. Click to enable/disable _ga - Google Analytics Cookie. But when Saul was done with the Philistines, he went back to pursuing David. This language--"a dead dog," "a flea," terms by which, like Eastern people, he strongly expressed a sense of his lowliness and the entire committal of his cause to Him who alone is the judge of human actions, and to whom vengeance belongs, his steady repulse of the vindictive counsels of his followers; the relentings of heart which he felt even for the apparent indignity he had done to the person of the Lord's anointed; and the respectful homage he paid the jealous tyrant who had set a price on his head--evince the magnanimity of a great and good man, and strikingly illustrate the spirit and energy of his prayer "when he was in the cave" ( Psalms 142:1 , title). : What are the chances? David also arose . Check to enable permanent hiding of message bar and refuse all cookies if you do not opt in. 24 [] After Saul returned from pursuing the Philistines, he was told, “David is in the Desert of En Gedi. As David showed Saul the corner of his robe, Saul must have heard the Spirit of God speaking loudly in his heart. So it was, when David had finished speaking these words to Saul, that Saul said, “, this your voice, my son David?” And Saul lifted up his voice and wept. See the insightful remarks by Stephen B. Chapman, 1 Samuel as Christian Scripture: A Theological Commentary (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 2016), 87-89, to which I am indebted. Sometimes when we have a promise from God we think we are justified in sinning to pursue that promise. Instead he said: “Saul, you are the boss and I know it. was wrong.” Even in confrontation, David covers Saul’s sin. Changes will take effect once you reload the page. In that day, when one royal house replaced another it was common for the new royal house to kill all the potential rulers from the old royal house. a. I know indeed that you shall surely be king: Saul knew it all along (1 Samuel 23:17) but now he really knows it. But this will always prompt you to accept/refuse cookies when revisiting our site. : David took a big chance here, because he could simply remain in hiding, secure in the fact that Saul had not found him. c. See the corner of your robe in my hand: This was proof that David had full opportunity to kill Saul but did not take that opportunity. There, accustomed to the obscurity of the cavern, they saw Saul enter, while, blinded by the glare of the light outside, he saw nothing of him whom he so bitterly persecuted. They were the words of a man who was convicted at merely cutting off a corner of Saul’s robe. Saul . But the overruling providence of God frustrated all his vigilance. So it was, when David had finished speaking these words to Saul, that Saul said, “Is this your voice, my son David?” And Saul lifted up his voice and wept. Keith Simons. d. Let the LORD judge between you and me: David didn’t need to do anything more to defend himself before Saul; he referred the matter to the LORD. For the new initiative with Samuel, see especially Walter Brueggemann, First and Second Samuel: Interpretation: A Bible Commentary for Teaching and Preaching (Lousville: John Knox, 1990), 27-28. It was an opportunity given to David to exercise faith and patience. But as David came close to Saul and put forth his sword he didn’t bring it crashing down on Saul’s neck or thrust it through his back. upon the rocks of the wild goats--Nothing but the blind infatuation of fiendish rage could have led the king to pursue his outlawed son-in-law among those craggy and perpendicular precipices, where were inaccessible hiding places. But he surrendered himself to Saul because he saw the opportunity to show Saul his heart towards him and reconcile. (David and his men were staying in the recesses of the cave.). : This indicates that this was a large cave, big enough to shelter a flock of sheep. But he told not his father." David wanted the promise to be fulfilled but he refused to try and fulfill God’s promise through his own disobedience. In the middle of barren desert, scouts could easily detect approaching troops. He did humbly confront Saul with his sin, hoping Saul would change his heart. Many men in the same situation, would say, “Well, I won’t kill Saul now, but if one of my servants does, what can I do?” and therefore leave the door wide open for Saul to be killed. iii. David steadily opposed the urgent instigations of his followers to put an end to his and their troubles by the death of their persecutor (a revengeful heart would have followed their advice, but David rather wished to overcome evil with good, and heap coals of fire upon his head); he, however, cut off a fragment from the skirt of the royal robe. This is always wrong. v1 Hannah prayed and said, ‘I am very happy when I think about the *Lord. 1 Samuel 24:1. Salem Media Group. For in that I cut off the edge of your robe and did not kill you, know and perceive that there is no evil or rebellion in my hands, and I have not sinned against you, though you are … Some might have said, “David, lay it on the line! 1 Samuel 24 Matthew Henry's Commentary. In this chapter David had a fair opportunity to destroy Saul, and, to his honour, he did not make use of it; and his sparing Saul’s life was as great an instance of God’s grace in him as the preserving of his own life was of God’s providence over him. . Then he said to David: “You are more righteous than I; for you have rewarded me with good, whereas I have rewarded you with evil. So David restrained his servants with these words, : David not only kept himself from taking vengeance upon Saul, he also, . Instead he, ii. 1 Kings (1 Samuel) Chapter 24. Text -- 1 Samuel 24:1 (NET) Strongs On/Off. There a large cave--I am quite disposed to say the cave--lies hardly five minutes to the east of the village ruin, on the south side of the wady. There was plenty of water and wildlife and many caves and defensive positions. “Saul, if I was really as wicked as your advisors say I am, if I really was out to kill you, I would have done that wicked act in the cave. DAVID IN THE WILDERNESS OF ENGEDI (1 Samuel 23:29-35-24).. EXPOSITION. ii. David Joins Saul's Family (1 Samuel 18:1-30) 16. And he said to his men, “The LORD forbid that I should do this thing to my master, the LORD’s anointed, to stretch out my hand against him, seeing he, the anointed of the LORD.” So David restrained his servants with, words, and did not allow them to rise against Saul. In his distress, Saul tried to keep Samuel from leaving, and grabbed his robe, and a portion of the prophet’s robe tore away. The … We wish that the spiritual enemies who pursue us like Saul pursued David would simply give up, and we wouldn’t have to bother with them any more. What use are his tears and confession before David if he doesn’t act upon his remorse?” (Redpath), iii. Often to them it means: “You should never speak against a pastor or a leader. It is demonstrated by the ongoing direction of one’s life and David had every right to say, “I’m going to stay in the stronghold until I see the direction of Saul’s life.”, ii. 1 Samuel Chapter 24 summary began as Saul settled the conflict with the Philistines and returned to his quest to kill David. : David’s men were excited at the opportunity and believed it was a gift from God. Introduction. When David stooped with his face to the earth and bowed twice he also showed great trust in God, because he made himself completely vulnerable to Saul. We put ourselves in a bad place when we make ourselves instruments of God’s judgment. Copyright © 2020, Bible Study Tools. But David put the blame on nameless others so that it was easier for Saul to say, “. And this man went up out of his city yearly to worship and to sacrifice unto the LORD of hosts in … , with its waterfalls and vegetation seem more like a tropical paradise than the middle of the desert. Therefore let the LORD be judge, and judge between you and me, and see and plead my case, and deliver me out of your hand.”, : David showed great kindness and tact to Saul. Because the robe was a symbol of Saul’s royal authority, and David felt bad – rightly so, according to the heart of God – that he had done, The LORD forbid that I should do this thing to my master, the LORD’s anointed… seeing he is the anointed of the LORD. DAVID IN A CAVE AT ENGEDI CUTS OFF SAUL'S SKIRT, BUT SPARES HIS LIFE. Now it happened, when Saul had returned from following the Philistines, that it was told him, saying, “Take note! You are more righteous than I… you have dealt well with me… you did not kill me… the LORD reward you with good for what you have done to me this day: This was a dramatic change of heart in Saul. Chapter 24 We have hitherto had Saul seeking an opportunity to destroy David, and, to his shame, he could never find it. 1 Samuel 24 Commentary, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this nine-volume commentary, respected by legions of devoted students, still ring with timeless truth EasyEnglish is a system of simple English designed by Wycliffe Associates (UK). We wish that the spiritual enemies who pursue us like Saul pursued David would simply give up, and we wouldn’t have to bother with them any more. In 1 Samuel 18 David gains the favor of the people. They thought this was an opportunity from God to kill Saul. Keith Simons. 1 Samuel: Bible Study and Commentary. 2. In his distress, Saul tried to keep Samuel from leaving, and grabbed his robe, and a portion of the prophet’s robe tore away. David’s men (1 Samuel 24:4), much like Saul (1 Samuel 23:7), discern God’s will on the basis of favorable circumstances: God gives them the opportunity to kill Saul, and thus it must be God’s will for them to do so. You always can block or delete cookies by changing your browser settings and force blocking all cookies on this website. You can find the best commentary on 1/2 Samuel … But something as basic and common as this was timed and arranged by God, without Saul having any knowledge of God’s timing or arrangement of things. He reasons strongly, both with himself and with his men, against doing Saul any hurt. And Saul got up from the cave and went on. went . 2. In this chapter David had a fair opportunity to destroy Saul, and, to his honour, he did not make use of it; and his sparing Saul's life was as great an instance of God's grace in him as the preserving of his own life was of God's providence over him. A flea? Ought we not to make confession and reparation?” (Meyer). 1 Samuel Chapter 24 summary began as Saul settled the conflict with the Philistines and returned to his quest to kill David. Saul must attend to his personal needs at the very moment he passes by the very cave where David hides. Commentaries on 1/2 Samuel. There was plenty of water and wildlife and many caves and defensive positions. Even as Saul made David’s life completely miserable, David kept taking it to the LORD, and he received the cleansing from the hurt and the bitterness and the anger that the LORD can give. He owned the justice of what David said, acknowledged his own guilt, and begged kindness to his house. c. David’s heart troubled him: This is a remarkably tender conscience in David. He had a promise of the kingdom, but no command to slay the king. made all the difference in softening Saul’s heart. Click to enable/disable Google reCaptcha. got Saul out of the way. Biblical Commentary 1 Samuel 17:1-58 EXEGESIS: THE CONTEXT: Saul is the king, but he has disobeyed God and God has rejected his kingship (chapter 15). Saul could have killed him very easily at that moment, but David trusted that if he did what was right before God then God would protect him and fulfill the promise. : David told Saul, “I’m still trusting God, that He will deliver me out of your hand.” Instead of finding a way out of his trial in the flesh, David did the harder thing – he trusted in God to deliver him instead of trusting in himself. But something as basic and common as this was timed and arranged by God, without Saul having any knowledge of God’s timing or arrangement of things. 23 Now they told David, “Behold, the Philistines are fighting against … Article Images Copyright © 2020 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated. ii. Every change David could have hoped for in Saul has happened, and Saul really seemed sincere about it (. If you do not want that we track your visit to our site you can disable tracking in your browser here: We also use different external services like Google Webfonts, Google Maps, and external Video providers. But when David recognized that Saul was, and refused to harm him, what David would not do is, Saul. David’s men are excited; their lives as fugitives are about to end, and they will soon be installed as friends and associates of the new King of Israel. 24:1-7 God delivered Saul into David's hand. We'll send you an email with steps on how to reset your password. b. David decided to spare Saul because he knew that God’s promise said, “You will inherit the throne of Israel.” He knew that Saul was in the way of that promise. 1 Samuel 24:4 Or “Today the Lord is saying; 1 Samuel 25:1 Hebrew and some Septuagint manuscripts; other Septuagint manuscripts Maon; 1 Samuel 25:18 That is, probably about 60 pounds or about 27 kilograms; Let the LORD judge between you and me, and let the LORD avenge me on you. Verses 1-22. David’s. Saul displayed his own fear, paranoia, and jealousy toward David. Due to security reasons we are not able to show or modify cookies from other domains. ii. David. 1 Samuel 14:1 "Now it came to pass upon a day, that Jonathan the son of Saul said unto the young man that bare his armor, Come, and let us go over to the Philistines' garrison, that [is] on the other side. “And now I know indeed that you shall surely be king, and that the kingdom of Israel shall be established in your hand. Apparently, on some previous occasion God promised David, “Behold, I will deliver your enemy into your hand, that you may do to him as it seems good to you.” They believed that this was the fulfillment of the promise and that David needed to seize the promise by faith and by the sword. 2 Once Saul was back from pursuing the Philistines, he was told, 'David is now in the desert of En-Gedi.' A Bible Study in EasyEnglish (2800 word vocabulary) on the Book of 1 Samuel. Instead he said: “Saul, you are the boss and I know it. But when David recognized that Saul was the LORD’s anointed and refused to harm him, what David would not do is kill Saul.

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